Chaudhry Charan Singh Biography: He was born on December 23 and celebrates his birthday as National Farmers Day. He was born in Nurpur, Uttar Pradesh, to a middle-class peasant family. He served as the 5th Prime Minister of India from July 28, 1979 to January 14, 1980. Historians and people refer to him as “The Peasant Hero of India”.
Chaudhary Charan Singh: Key Facts
Boy: December 23, 1902
place of birth: Nurpur, India
He died: May 29, 1987
place of death: New Delhi, India
Father: Mir Singh
the mother: Nitra Kor
Husband: Gayatri Devi
Political Affiliations: Indian National Congress, Janata Party
Address/Office: Prime Minister (1979-1980), India
Alma mater: University of Agra
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Chaudhary Charan Singh: Early Life and Education
His father was Mir Singh, a tenant farmer, and his mother was Nitra Kaur. He was the eldest son of five children. His family moved from one village to another within the Meerut district, to obtain suitable land for a stable agricultural life. In 1922, they found her in Bhadula village.
He completed his studies in the village of Jani Khurd. He completed his GCSE from State High School in 1919. In 1923, he completed BA from Agra College and MA in History in 1925. He also received law training. He practiced civil law in Ghaziabad. In 1929, he joined the Indian National Congress and chose a full-time political career.
Throughout his life, he worked to raise the standard of peasants and their families. The values associated with it are hard work, independence and uncompromising honesty. He went to prison several times for Indian independence.
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Chaudhry Charan Singh: A Political Journey and His Major Works
In 1937, he was elected for the first time to the Legislative Assembly of the Opera of Chapruli. He represented the department in 1946, 1952, 1962 and 1967.
In 1946, he became Parliamentary Secretary in the government of Pandit Govind Balabh Pant. He worked in several departments including revenue, medicine and public health, justice, information, etc.
He was appointed Minister of the State Council of Ministers in June 1951 and was assigned the Ministries of Justice and Information.
In 1952, he assumed the position of Minister of Revenue and Agriculture in the government of Dr. Sampurnanand.
In 1959, he resigned, and at the time was in charge of the Department of Revenue and Transportation.
In 1960, he served as Minister of Home and Agriculture in the Shree CP Gupta Ministry.
From 1962-1963, he served as Minister of Agriculture and Forestry in Smt. Ministry of Suchita Krippani.
In 1965, he gave up the Ministry of Agriculture and took over the administration of local self-government in 1966.
After Congress split, he again became UP Prime Minister for the second time in February 1970 with the support of the Congress party. On October 2, 1970, the rule of the president was imposed in the state.
He served in Uttar Pradesh and earned a reputation as a tough task manager who did not tolerate incompetence, nepotism and corruption in management.
In UP, he was the principal architect of land reforms and participated in the drafting and finalization of the Debt Payment Act in 1939. This brought great relief to debtors.
He was also instrumental in passing the Land Acquisition Act in 1960 with the goal of lowering the ceiling on land holdings to make it standardized across the state.
He was a firm believer in social justice and gained the confidence he enjoyed among millions of peasants.
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Chaudhry Charan Singh: Books Written by
He lived a simple life and loved to read and write. He has penned several books and pamphlets including “The Abolition of the Zamindari”, “X-ray Cooperative Agriculture”, “Indian Poverty and Its Resolution”, “The Ownership of Peasants or Land for the Workers” and “Prohibition of Division of Holdings Below a Certain Minimum.”
Chaudhry Charan Singh: Legacy
He played a leading role in the drafting and completion of the Debt Payment Act of 1939. This brought great relief to rural debtors.
He was instrumental in passing the Land Acquisition Act of 1960. It lowers the ceiling on land holdings to make it standardized throughout the state.
His birthday is celebrated as Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day in India on December 23.
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