In its year-end review of performance for 2021, the Ministry of Science and Technology on Tuesday listed a range of innovations and solutions to the ‘unprecedented challenges’ posed by Covid-19 and other issues all aimed at bringing ‘positive shifts everywhere’. sphere, whether it’s in healthcare, sustainability, energy efficiency, climate change, food production, or even in terms of the way we operate.”
“The Department of Science and Technology has expanded institutional support for scientists, brought the saffron pot to the Northeast, inspired Manak to reach remote places with growing numbers of students, and supported research to help move toward affordable health and well-being for all along with grassroots innovations: a local voice” .
The year 2021 saw some unprecedented challenges for humanity. DST and its independent institutions prepared to help India deal with the challenges. The department has also implemented the lessons learned last year through the COVID-19 pandemic to reach the world with STI solutions that have transformed positive in every area, whether it’s healthcare, sustainability, energy efficiency, climate change, food production, or even in terms of how we work. “.
The ministry also cites the main success stories of daylight saving time during the year 202. “India’s ranking in global science and technology indicators continues to rise. India climbed to 46th place among the world’s 50 best innovative economies according to the Global Innovation Index (GII). The country is still among the top three countries in scientific publishing according to the NSF database and has also reached the third place in terms of the number of doctorates, in the size of the higher education system; And also in terms of the number of startups,” stated the year-end review of the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Under the National Supercomputer Mission (NSM), four new supercomputers have been installed since July 2021 at IIT-Hyderabad, NABI- Mohali, CDAC-Bengaluru and IIT Kanpur under the NSM with the aim of creating a network of supercomputing facilities to provide access to High- Performance computing (HPC) facilities for nearly 75 institutions and more than thousands of active researchers and academics working through the National Knowledge Network (NKN).
DST efforts make scientific infrastructure available across institutions. A new program was recently announced called the Synergistic Training Program that uses Scientific and Technological Infrastructure (STUTI) to enhance human resources and build capacity through open access to science and technology infrastructure across the country. DST provides institutional support for marks.
Communities have been empowered through STD hubs, point-of-care diagnostic groups, and encourage entrepreneurship initiatives. The Ministry has begun establishing Community COVID Resistance Resource Centers (CCRRCs) to improve recovery, and build science, technology and innovation (STI) capacity and capabilities in the face of various uncertainties at the community level. The ministry memo stated that seven Scheduled Castes (SC)/Scheduled Tribes (ST) cells and seven Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) hubs have been established for the overall development of SC/ST.
Cost-effective and easy-to-implement point-of-care diagnostic kits have been developed for the detection of food contamination with Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium-carrying Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. An easy-to-use, Android drive-sized DNA sensor has been developed for on-site detection of typhus. The note added that a bouquet of artificial colored diets was developed for the breeding of silkworms to produce a naturally colored cocoon.
The Ministry of Science and Technology explains how the pot of saffron was brought from Kashmir to the northeast through the focused efforts of the Northeast Center for Technology Application and Access (NECTAR). The Northeast witnessed the successful cultivation of saffron for the first time in Xingang village in southern Sikkim. It is now being expanded to include Twang, Arunachal Pradesh, Barapani and Meghalaya.
SERB-DST has also partnered with Intel India to launch a first-of-its-kind initiative to advance deep technology-based research in India. The national hackathon organized by IIT Madras and Sony India encourages citizens to come up with solutions using the IoT sensor panel. The INSPIRE MANAK Awards were given to the 60 best innovators selected from a total of 3,92,486 students who presented their innovations from schools across the country which were screened at different levels.
The ministry is giving more details about several low-cost smart technologies under the DST-backed Make in India initiative in a bid to make India an ‘Atmanirbhar’. A new automated technology for toilet waste collection that is easy to maintain and a 7 times cheaper alternative to bio-toilets, can be used to maintain the toilet system of the Indian Railways.
A low-cost semiconductor manufacturing process has been developed and used to design integrated circuits (ICs) to handle voltages up to 20 volts. The ministry memo noted our home, offices, hospitals, and laboratories as well as the smooth running of many expensive equipment.
According to the ministry, as part of Mission Innovation 2.0, India is co-leading the innovation community in the field of affordable low carbon building heating and cooling along with the European Commission and the United Kingdom. The ministry added that it had received an overwhelming response from Canada, Australia, Finland, Morocco, the Netherlands, Sweden and Saudi Arabia, with the IEA and RMI participating as stakeholders.
As part of the “Grassroots Innovations: Vocal for Local” initiative, DST along with the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) has supported many grassroots innovations such as the traditional way of making Etikoppaka toys and Laxmi Asu Making Machine which has revolutionized Pochampally silk weaving and reduced The exhaustion of the thousands of weavers involved in the occupation as well as the multi-herbal and cost-effective medicine to treat mastitis, an infectious disease of dairy cattle.
Furthermore, the National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report supported by DST identified 6 eastern states – Jharkhand, Mizoram, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal as highly vulnerable to climate change, and the Ministry of Science and Technology year-end 2021 revision added as well.