New Delhi: 2021 was a great year for pioneering scientific research and a lot of important work was done in the field of science, especially space exploration, astronomy and biological research. The whole year has been about news like the race for space tourism is heating up with many commitments made at the Climate Change Conference in Glasgow.
The following is a list of the most important scientific news and research work completed in 2021:
1. Launching the most powerful space observatory ever built
2. Einstein’s theory of general relativity has faced its toughest test yet
The study revealed new relativistic effects that were observed for the first time.
3. The sun is in turmoil
In early November, a strong G3 geomagnetic storm occurred, which was caused by solar flares. This led to the appearance of the aurora borealis in the low latitudes of the Earth.
The turbulence experienced by the Sun in 2021 is surprising because the star had a weaker solar cycle in the past decade, compared to the previous decade, according to a study by Indian scientists. This resulted in weaker solar storms during Solar Cycle 24, which lasted from 2008 to 2019. Also, the Sun was the weakest in 2019.
4. The Missing Case of Blue Space Corporation’s Jeff Bezos v NASA
5. Space tourism race as temperatures rise
2021 was a very important year for space tourism. Seven space tourism missions have been completed. This mission included the SpaceX Inspiration4 mission, the world’s first entirely civilian mission to orbit, and the Soyuz MS-20 mission, which was the first self-financed space tourism mission to the International Space Station (ISS) in a decade.
William Shatner, Captain Kirk of Star Trek, became the oldest man to go into space in October.
Most interesting is that the first feature film was shot in space this year. A Russian camera crew stayed aboard the International Space Station for 12 days to shoot parts of a movie called “Fyuzov”, meaning “challenge”.
6. Strange radio waves are emitted from the center of the galaxy
One of the researchers said that the most unusual thing about the new signal is its “very high polarization,” meaning that the light oscillates in only one direction, but that direction rotates over time.
Astronomers believe these unusual signs could point to a new class of stellar objects.
7. Announcing the plans for the commercial space station
8. Commitments made at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland
The 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly referred to as COP26, took place in Glasgow, Scotland in the United Kingdom from October 31 to November 12. COP 26 concluded with 197 countries agreeing to a new climate agreement: the Glasgow Climate Pact, to keep 1.5°C alive and finalize the 2015 Paris Agreement.
Countries have made collective commitments to reduce methane emissions, align the finance sector with net zero by 2050, to halt and reverse deforestation, abandon the internal combustion engine, accelerate coal phase-out, and end international financing for fossil fuels, to name a few.
In September, scientists from Washington University in St. Louis found new evidence supporting the idea that America’s first civilization was made up of “advanced engineers.” Evidence suggests that Native Americans or Native Americans were highly skilled engineers who were able to build massive earthen structures within a few months, and sometimes, even weeks. One researcher claimed that these early earthworks have solidified for more than 3,000 years without significant failure or erosion.
One example is the Poverty Point World Heritage Site in Louisiana, United States, which consists of 72-foot-high earthen mounds and mounds built by hunter-gatherers about 3,400 years ago.
In 2020, scientists announced the discovery of a strange object that they had stumbled upon by chance. This year they discovered more about the object, a “brown dwarf” nicknamed “The Accident”. the incidentAnd It was also found by absolute luckAnd It is unique in that it is unlike other brown dwarfs (more than 2,000 of them) that have been detected so far in the Milky Way.
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