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Can Blockchain Technology Really Solve The Problems Faced By The Cannabis Industry?

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Can Blockchain Technology Really Solve The Problems Faced By The Cannabis Industry?

Blockchain Technology

For sure, anything related to technology may seem too complex for the ordinary person. Despite having a somewhat complex name, blockchain technology is quite easy to understand.

I’m just an ordinary person like you and me, yet I was able to perform research on blockchain technology, and let me tell you, it’s quite impressive.

If you have been following cryptocurrency over the last few years, you may have already come across the term “blockchain.” If you’re not a tech expert like me, then you would have relied on Google for the definition of blockchain. Moreover, Google may have given you an answer like this: “Blockchain is a decentralized, distributed, public ledger.”

It sounds a lot harder to understand according to this definition. Basically, blockchain is the technology typically used by Bitcoin, which is a type of digital currency, in keeping track of its records.
It’s quite understandable why a few industries have misunderstood blockchain technology, considering that it is a fairly new niche in a speculative market with a somewhat foggy set of laws. On another note, cannabis also exists in a speculative market with an unclear set of regulations.

Nevertheless, both industries are receiving an influx of talented programmers and entrepreneurs looking to present a solution that will resolve their respective industry’s biggest worries. With that in mind, I wanted to come here and present to you ways on how the blockchain technology can actually assist in transforming the cannabis industry.

The Cannabis Industry is Booming

Truly, the times are changing as 30 states have legalized the use of marijuana. Nine of the 30 states legalized the use of recreational marijuana, while the other 21 states have legalized medical marijuana. It is without a doubt that the cannabis industry is booming as a total sales $6.7 billion was reported by 2017. 

This number is expected to rise with a projected sales of $20.2 billion by the year 2021, which is quite an amazing figure. In fact, experts are saying that the growth rate of the cannabis industry outpaces that of which was set by the tech firms during the dot-com bubble.
I find that unlike the other industries, the cannabis industry tends to be subjected to careful examination from the public. It receives more scrutiny as compared to others. As a result, this heightens the level of uncertainty in the cannabis marketplace.

While cannabis enthusiasts are indifferent toward the idea of additional safety measures and regulations surrounding product provenance, this is an industry that would need all the help it can get. Regulators, businesses, and entrepreneurs should consider how blockchain technology could be the answer to the challenges faced by the cannabis industry.

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain Technology as the “New Internet”

Before I start discussing the reasons as to why numerous cannabis firms are utilizing their own blockchain technology, it is only right that I talk a little more about what blockchain technology is and what it can do.

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A lot of people have been commenting on how blockchain is an “ingenious invention.” In fact, publicly traded companies, such as IBM, are now utilizing blockchain technology as a means to solve numerous issues.
As its name suggests, blockchain is a chain of blocks. Blocks refer to digital information, which is then stored in a chain, also known as a public database.

With that in mind, these blocks, which are digital pieces of data, have three parts:
It stores the details concerning a transaction, which would involve the time, date, and dollar amount of the most recent purchase.
It also stores the information concerning those participating in the transaction. However, instead of using a name, blockchain technology reads data through unique digital signatures.



Lastly, blocks store data that makes each block unique. A code, which is referred to by many as a “hash,” is assigned to a block which will represent a particular transaction. The code of your previous purchase may look identical to your recent purchase; however, the blocks can easily tell each transaction apart by using the codes.
When a block stores new information, that information is added to the blockchain.

However, before a blockchain is formed, there are four things that must first happen:
1. A transaction must first occur
2. The transaction must be verified
3. The transaction details must be stored in a block
4. The block must be provided with a hash

Why Cannabis Companies Are Embracing Blockchain Technology

Similar to most supply chains, the cannabis industry can greatly benefit from the blockchain technology. The enhanced provenance that blockchains can provide brings about the peace of mind in both suppliers and customers.
By utilizing blockchain technology, it would be easy to identify how marijuana was grown and by whom, who were the parties involved in every cannabis transaction, and that no link along the cannabis supply chain was involved in any illegal elements.

Without further adieu, here are some of the reasons why cannabis companies are embracing blockchain technology.
Processing of Payments
The processing of payments is probably one of the struggles of the cannabis industry.

Despite having the majority of the states in the US legalized either recreational or medical marijuana, the federal law still poses a number of restrictions as to how payment is accepted and stored by cannabis-based firms. Moreover, 300 out of 11,000 banks, in the United States of America allow cannabis business owners to open an account.





Since cryptocurrencies and other digital currencies are unregulated and decentralized, this provides cannabis business owners the ability to accept secure and fast payments that are cashless.

Since cannabis-based businesses are cash-only businesses, blockchain technology can greatly aid in the accounting processes of the business.

With blockchain technology, owners of cannabis companies no longer have to sift through an infinite amount of financial statements. Blockchain technology will not only change how payments are accepted by the cannabis industry but also the entire operation of global commerce.

Quality Assurance

The production process of cannabis may touch on numerous businesses – from the farmers and growers to the authorized dispensaries, and from cannabis retailers to consumers. Nevertheless, the utilization of blockchain technology in the supply chain of cannabis businesses provides a complete picture of its end-to-end process; thus, ensuring quality assurance.

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Maintenance

Stemming from the previous point, blockchain technology also allows the consumers, regulators, and business owners of cannabis products to pinpoint the inefficiencies in the cannabis end-to-end process. Remember, a supply chain that is supported by the blockchain’s flawless math has the potential to produce an improved overall customer experience.

Standard of Transparency


Paragon CEO Jessica Versteeg
shares with Rolling Stone on how her cannabis startup is utilizing its very own cryptocurrency based on blockchain technology.

For VerSteeg, it’s all about transparency in the cannabis space, considering the fact that this industry is facing unclear regulations across borders.

The ledger used by the blockchain technology can either reduce or eliminate any trace of human-based complication because it is unchanging. Financial institutions and government agencies that are performing audits on cannabis-related transactions can utilize blockchain technology as a means to keep track of its legality.

Limiting Over-Consumption

There are still unclear parameters governing the use, sale, and purchase of cannabis in states that have legalized its production and consumption. While there isn’t much difference between the legality of marijuana among the various states, the laws governing cannabis production and consumption are still too difficult to enforce.

This difficulty can actually lead to potential criminal networks. What’s worse is that tracing and identifying who is abiding by the regulations and who is going against it has become much more challenging.

Needless to say, heavy-handed tactics are prohibited in the context of the legalization of cannabis, and a simple introduction of blockchain technology to monitor and track personal sales would represent a fair middle ground between the current lack of command and more unhandy strategies.

There are two companies that use blockchain technology to solve this kind of issue.  With IBM’s proposed solutions, there is an increased transparency on the legality of cannabis sales. In addition, BlockMedx is working on various ways in which blockchain can assist in combatting opioid abuse.

Facilitating Taxation

No matter where you buy it or how much you paid for it, you are always going to face a heavy tax when purchasing marijuana products; this was a huge part of the legalization pitch, after all. In fact, California reported over $2.7 billion wroth of cannabis derived tax.

If one is to utilize blockchain ledger technology and that this would be mandated for dispensaries, there is a high chance that sales figures would become certain and stable. By extension, it would lead to accurate taxation and simpler audits for all of the parties involved.




The best part is that the revenues from cannabis-related transactions are given back in larger amounts to the citizens of the states who have chosen to legalize marijuana.
Again, IBM as one of the companies who proposed to the Canadian Government a particular blockchain solution for ensuring the effective and accurate tracking of cannabis so much so that it would lead to easier taxation.

Nevertheless, the act of utilizing blockchain technology can also present a number of disadvantages and risks for the cannabis industry. In fact, a company by the name of Deloitte mentioned how blockchain risks are classified into three categories, which are as follows:

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Standard Risks

Blockchain technology will open cannabis-based companies to various risks that are associated and are actually quite similar to that of the current business processes. This can be considered as a nuance for those who need to account for their transactions.

Value Transfer Risks

Blockchain technology allows the peer-to-peer transfer of value without any need for a primary intermediary. The value involved in this particular transfer could either be a piece of information, identity, or even assets.

With that in mind, this new technological business model exposes the transactions and any interaction made between two parties. As a result, it opens them to new risks that central intermediaries used to manage.

Smart Contract Risks

When it comes to smart contract risks, these have the potential to encode complex financial, legal, and business arrangements on the blockchain system. Furthermore, it could also result in a higher level of risk associated with the act of mapping these transactions from the physical to the digital structure.

Final Thoughts on CBD and Cryptocurrency Intersection

It is without a doubt that blockchain technology has the ability to transform any business process. It can do so by disintermediating the business’ processes and central entities, improving any of its efficiencies, and allowing the creation of an immutable audit on transactions.

According to what has been explained about blockchain technology, and what has been shared regarding the current state of the cannabis industry in the United States of America, it is clear that this industry can benefit from using this developing technology as a means to track and monitor its end-to-end process without ever neglecting marijuana laws.

With that in mind, here are my final thoughts on the utilization of blockchain technology by businesses in the cannabis industry:
One thing is for sure, blockchain technology brings about an impact in various industries only because companies are choosing to embrace its system. Basically, blockchain technology can assist in the seed-to-sale monitoring and tracking of the cannabis industry.

The states that have legalized the use of either recreational or medical marijuana make use of scanning and tracking procedures so that they can monitor the journey of every cannabis product until it reaches the end-user. Nevertheless, the full farm-to-table life cycle is quite difficult to track.

This is where the blockchain technology comes in. It can easily fix this particular issue that the cannabis industry is facing. With the used of codes and labels that blockchains bring to the table, all of the information concerning cannabis-related transactions can easily be traced, stored, archived, and searched.

More and more companies are now turning to blockchain technology for a more decentralized, secured, and transparent data ledger. With that in mind, I can vouch for having at least a blockchain developer be part of your team.



By welcoming blockchain into your business, much like what cannabis companies are doing now, you are allowing easy verification without having the need to be dependent on third-parties.

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List of Courses Offered by University of Calabar (UNICAL)

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On this post i will cover the list of undergraduate courses/programmes offered at the University of Calabar (UNICAL Courses).

The University of Calabar (UNICAL)

The University of Calabar (UNICAL)

University of Calabar popularly Known as UNICAL is located in Cross River State Nigeria specifically in Calabar, this Institution is Recognized internationally as one of the best University in Nigeria.

Students always ask of the best schools in Nigeria, but on this post i won’t compare but recommend UNICAL as one of the best schools in Cross River and in Nigeria.

Also Read: UNICAL SUG: Director of Information IN Collaboration With Hunters Foundation

University of Calabar is recognized by National Universities Commission (NUC), Nigeria. UNICAL has being fully accredited.

UNICAL Courses and Programmes

  • ZOOLOGY
  • TOURISM STUDIES
  • TECHNOLOGY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
  • SPECIAL EDUCATION
  • SOIL SCIENCE
  • SOCIAL WORK
  • RADIOGRAPHY
  • PURE CHEMISTRY
  • PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
  • PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
  • ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
  • ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
  • ENGLISH AND LITERARY STUDIES
  • ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  • FISHERIES
  • FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
  • FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT
  • FRENCH
  • GENETICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  • GEOLOGY
  • STATISTICS
  • THEATRE ARTS
  • SOCIOLOGY
  • SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY
  • RELIGIOUS STUDIES
  • PUBLIC HEALTH TECHNOLOGY
  • POLITICAL SCIENCE
  • POLICY AND ADMINISTRATIVE STUDIES
  • PHYSICS
  • ACCOUNTING
  • ADULT EDUCATION
  • AGRIC-ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION
  • AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
  • ANIMAL SCIENCE
  • APPLIED CHEMISTRY
  • APPLIED GEOPHYSICS
  • BANKING AND FINANCE
  • BIOCHEMISTRY
  • BOTANY
  • BUSINESS EDUCATION
  • BUSINESS MANAGEMENT/ MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
  • CHEMISTRY
  • CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES
  • CIVIL LAW
  • COMPUTER SCIENCE
  • DENTISTRY AND DENTAL SURGERY
  • ECONOMICS
  • EDUCATION AND BIOLOGY
  • EDUCATION AND CHEMISTRY
  • EDUCATION AND ECONOMICS
  • EDUCATION AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE
  • EDUCATION AND FRENCH
  • EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHY
  • EDUCATION AND HISTORY
  • EDUCATION AND MATHEMATICS
  • EDUCATION AND PHYSICS (EDU PHYSICS)
  • EDUCATION AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
  • EDUCATION AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES
  • EDUCATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
  • EDUCATION AND SOCIAL STUDIES
  • EDUCATION ARTS
  • EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY
  • EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING
  • EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS
  • EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
  • GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
  • HISTORY AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
  • HOME ECONOMICS AND EDUCATION
  • HUMAN ANATOMY
  • HUMAN KINETICS AND HEALTH EDUCATION
  • HUMAN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS
  • HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
  • LAW
  • LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
  • LINGUISTICS
  • LINGUISTICS AND COMMUNICATION STUDIES
  • MARKETING
  • MATHEMATICS
  • MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS
  • MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE
  • MEDICINE AND SURGERY
  • MICROBIOLOGY
  • NURSING/NURSING SCEINCE
  • PHILOSOPHY
  • GEOPHYSICS
  • ELECTRONIC AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ECT)
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Faculties in University of Calabar (UNICAL)

I will also cover the list of Faculty in UNICAL on this post, follow and always visit Kogi Biography for latest update like when UNICAL pre-degree form will be out, Jamb form, and i will aso educate on how to pay acceptance fee and school fees in University of Calabar.

  • Faculty of Biological Sciences
  • Faculty of Physical Sciences
  • Faculty of Engineering and Technology
  • faculty of Environmental Sciences
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Agriculture, forestry and Wildlife Management
  • Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences
  • Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Institute of Oceanography
  • Bassey Andah Institute for African and Asian Studies
  • Graduate School
  • University of Calabar Consultancy Services
  • Faculties of Management Sciences
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Institute of Public Policy and Administration
  • Faculty of Law

 

 

 

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Unical Sug: Director of Information IN Collaboration With Hunters Foundation

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Unical Sug: Director of Information

Unical Sug

Unical Director of Information Joseph Egidi in Collaboration With Hunters Foundation to present “a one day campaign against social vices and youth restiveness”.

Social vices are deviant and immoral behaviours such as rape, drug addiction, evil, murder, examination malpractice, thuggery, cultism, kidnapping, admission racketeering and many other moral decadence rising amongst us.

Restiveness on the other hand, is a condition where one is unable to stay still, and unwilling to be controlled; most especially because one feels bored or unsatisfied with the state of affairs. Youth restiveness is therefore a condition in which youths are seemingly uncontrollable because the state of affairs in a nation or society is unsatisfactory.

Social vices and youth restiveness are fast becoming national and global trends. They cut across: ethnic nationalities, races and even religious cleavages. Some of them include
but not limited to examination malpractice, indecent dressing and prostitution, political
thuggery, cultism, drug addiction, targeted assassinations, armed robbery, pipe-line
vandalism, vandalism of electricity installations and cyber crimes.

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These vices are at variance to social norms and values which include beliefs, attitudes, honesty, hard work, customs and traditions, ideals, skills and taboos which a society cherishes and passes on from one generation to another via formal and informal education.

The University of Calabar under the ever agile leadership of Prof Florence Banku Obi; the first female Vice-Chancellor of the institution is taking an intolerable look at these deviant behaviours as necessary apparatuses have been put in place to fish out perpetrators of such behaviours, if any, within the university community and bring them to book.

On the other hand, the distinguished Dean of students, Dr. Tony Enyang; the Ag. Chief Security Officer, SP. Usani Etim Okon(rtd) and the Students’ Union Government(SUG) representatives under the result oriented President, Comr. Ugah James Ugah have been workaholic and assiduous to functions.

As students representatives, we’ve heard most of these vices mentioned above are perpetuated by unscrupulous elements within the university. Therefore, without any equivocation, we’ve decided to launch this campaign to enlighten Nigerian students(Malabites & Malabresses).

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The campaign is scheduled as follows:

Date: Thurs 15th April, 2021

Meeting Point: Main Gate
Time: 10:00 Am

Credit: Joseph Egidi!!!

 

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Rapper AKA’s fiancé falls to her death in tragic incident in Cape Town

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AKA’s fiancé Nelli Tembe dead

Nelli Tembe is dead

Questions trending on Social media, asking if Rapper AKA’s fiancé Nelli Tembe, is dead ? A source reveals to Kogi Biography that Nelli Tembe died in a tragic incident in Cape Town. she allegedly fell to her death from the five-star Pepper club Hotel in Cape Town, on Sunday, April 11, 2021.

Although information was not clearly given about the incident, but the  Western Cape SA Police spokesperson, Captain Fredierick van Wyk, stated that the occurrence is being investigated.

A report stated that,

“Cape Town Central police are investigating an inquest case after an incident at a hotel this morning at about 7.45am on the corners of Loop and Bloem streets, Cape Town CBD, where the body of a 22-year-old woman was found deceased,” he said in a statement. 
Tembe and Forbes’ families also released a statement on Sunday, confirming her death and revealed the rapper has been inconsolable. The couple got engaged in February, 2021.
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