The Igalas, in present day Kogi State, are ruled by a figure called the ”Attah”. The word Attah means father and the full title of the ruler is Attah Igala, meaning the father of Igala.
The Names of Past and Present Attah Igala are Listed Below:
9. Ohemi Obogo Ocholi
11. Itodo Aduga
13. Idoko adegbe
15. Eekele Aga- 1834
16. Ame Ocheje- 1835-1856
17. Akwu Odiba- 1856-1870
18. Okoliko- 1870-1894
19. Ame Aga- 1895-1900
20. Ocheje Onakpa- 1901-1903
21. Oboni Akwu – 1905-1911
22. Ogwuche Akpa- 1911-1919
23. Atabo Ijomi- 1919-1926
24. Obaje Ocheje- 1926-1945
25. Ame Oboni- 1946-1956
26. Aliyu Obaje- 1956-2012
27. Idakwo Ameh Oboni- 2013- date..
History Of The Attahs Of Igala Kingdom.
Among the most revered Attahs of the Igala kingdom are Attah Ayegba Oma Idoko and Atta Ameh Oboni. According to oral tradition, Attah Ayegba Oma Idoko offered his most beloved daughter, Omodoko to ensure that the Igalas win a war of liberation from the Jukuns’ dominance and that of Inikpi against Benin kingdom.
Attah Ameh Oboni is known to be very brave and resolute. He is revered for his stiff resistance to the British and his struggles to uphold some ancient traditions of the Igalas. When he got wind of a plan by the British to depose and exile him, he committed suicide by hanging himself to forestall the plan. He is regarded by most Igalas as the last real Attah Igala.
Attah Ayegba Om’Idoko
The importance of Attah Ayegba Oma Idoko in Igala history is that he won an independent kingdom. They were at one time vassals of the Aku Uka of Wukari. During his reign he declared the Igala ingdom an independent state, and defeated the Jukun force that was sent by the Aku Uka to discipline him. Attah Ayegba is the founder of the present Attah’s ruling dynasty.
Attah Akumabi Ayegba
(2nd Attah from Ayegba)
Akumabi was the first son of Attah Ayegba Oma Idoko during the reign of Attah Ayegba, Akumabi was one of the Royal councillors in his father’s council. His father gave him the chieftaincy title of Amanata.
He was the first person to be given the Amanata chieftaincy title. When his father died, he succeeded him. He was blessed with all the organisational and administrative qualities of his father and maintained the existing boundaries of his kingdom as settled by his father Ayegba. He made no further conquest.
Attah Akogbu Ayegba
(3rd Attah from Ayegba)
Attah Ayegba Om’ Idoko gave his son Royal Chieftaincy tittle of Odomata, the first person to take this title. Whe his brother Attah Akumabi died he succeded him. He was the third Attah of Igala from Ayegba Om’ Idoko and continued with the policy of his elder brother Akumabi. He too made no further conquest, rather a man of peace who ruled his people justly.
Attah Ohiemi Obogo
(Ocholi Ayegba) 4th Attah Igala from Ayegba
His father Attah Ayegba Om’ Idoko gave him the royal chieftaincy title of Makoji Attah, and the first person to take this chieftaincy title. When his brother Akogu died he succeeded him.
He was a fighter, a war leader and moved the frontiers of his kingdom eastwards and southwards to Igbo land. He was a vibrant, open minded and disciplined ruler.
Attah Amacho and Attah Itodo Aduga
The above named Attahs were brothers and sons of Attah Akumabi, Amacho was first son. When it was the turn of Akumabi lineage to produce a candidate for the office of the Attah Igala after the death of Attah Ohiemi Obogo (Ocholi) Prince Amacho was chosen. Unfortunately Amacho died after his installation.
The Attah Igala rulling houses and kingmakers then met and asked his younger brother Prince Itodo Aduga to replace him. Since then the children of Amacho and Itodo Aduga formed separate lineages with sucesion to the throne of the Attah Igala, together with the children of Ocholi and Akogu lineage.
(c.1824-1839) (11th Attah Igala from Ocholi Akogu)
There are two important events to note about the reign of Attah Ekelaga. These were:
1. He was the first Attah Igala to come in contact with the Europeans. In 1832, the leader of the Niger expedition (Mac Gregor Laird, Richard Hander and Dr Old Field) met Attah Ekelega in Idah. The leaders of the expedition prepared a draft treaty concerning cessation of Lokoja to Britain and the abolition of the slave trade. The treaty was not signed because Richard Lander died in Fernado Po.
2. He was the the first Attah Igala to be assassinated. He was assassinated by the palace eunuchs and the kingmakers headed by the Achadu Abutu Ejigbo. The reason given was that he was a tyrant and that his reign was too long.
(c.1840-1858) (The 12th Attah Igala from Itodo Aduka Akumabi)
Attah Amocheje was the first Attah to attack the privileges of the kingmakers, believing that they were responsible for the assassination of his predecessor, Attah Ekelaga. He removed all of them except the Achadu from the Attah’s Advisory Council. As a result, the status of kingmakers declined.
He replaced the kingmakers in the council with Royal Councillors, and as a result the status of the Royal councillors increased. It was during the reign of Attah Amocheje that the famous 1841 Niger Expedition reached Idah town.
The Captain of the ship (Captain Trotter) and his men went to Attah’s palace to present him gift from the Queen. After long negotiation, the abolition treaty was signed by Attah Amocheje.
Attah Amocheje also ceded a piece of land near the confluence, the area covering the present day Lokoja and Ajaokuta to the British Government for a model farm. He received seven Hundred thousand cowries.
Attah Akwu Odiba
(c.1859 – 1962) (The 13th Atta Igala from Ocholi Ayegba)
It was during the reign of Attah Akwu Odiba that the Igala kingdom reached its greatest height and fame.
The kingdom stretched southwest to Nsukka and Onitsha , northwest to Oturkpo and Igumale, northeast to Lokoja and Koton karfe. It was during his reign that European traders and companies became active on the River Niger. It was also during his reign that Dr William Blake founded Lokoja town in 1860.
This led to the establishment of the great Lokoja market in 1860, the market that was the greatest in the central part of Nigeria .
Attah Okoliko Onuche
(c. 1863 – 1882) (The 12th Attah Igala from Amacho Akumabi Ayegba)
The importance of Attah Okoliko Onuche’s reign in Igala history is that it marked the beginning of the decline of the Igala state. During the reign of Attah Okoliko, the European traders actively traded on the Niger. The Royal treasury and the economy were in shambles as the Attah and his chiefs no longer had the monopoly of the European trade because Amocheje had signed the abolition treat in 1841.
(c.1884 -1900) (The 15th Attah from Akogu Ayegba)
Attah Amaga took Attah Igala’s throne when Attah Okoliko died. He also inherited Attah Okoliko’s problem. These included the Fulani jihad and the activities of the European traders on the Niger. As a result of the Fulani raids in the confluence, thousands of refugees poured into Igalaland in thousands.
Attah Amaga could not enforce his authority in the northern part of the Kingdom.
Attah Ocheje Onokpa
(1901 – 1903) (The 16th Attah from Itodo Aduga Akumabi Ayegba)
Attah Ocheje Onokpa ascended the throne as Attah Igala in August, 1901. He was installed under the supervision of a British Colonial Officer Mr. Charles Partridge.
The importance of Ocheja Onokpa in Igala history is his opposition to British rule and the division of his kingdom into two.
For example, the present Ofu, Igalamela/Odolu, Idah and Ibaji Local Government Areas were made part of Onitsha province of Southern Nigeria.
While the present Dekina, Bassa, Omala, Ankpa and Olamaboro Local Government areas were made part of Bassa province of Northern Nigeria.
Attah Ocheje Onokpa was not satisfied with the whole situation. The Government of Southern Nigeria fearing an Igala rebellion accused him of an act likely to disturb the peace. As a result he was deposed and banished to Asaba. He was the first Attah Igala to be deposed.
Attah Oboni Akwu
(1905 – 1911) (The 17th Attah from Ocholi Ayegba)
Attah Oboni Akwu was installed the Attah Igala in 1905 after about a two year quarrel about who should succeed the deposed Attah (Ocheje Onokpa).
Ocheje Onokpa’s brother Akwu Enede seized the throne by force. The British Colonial administration after an investigation approved the appointment of Oboni Akwu as the new Attah Igala. Like his predecessor, Attah Oboni’s influence never went beyond the present Ofu Local Government Area.
Attah Oboni knew where the real sources of power lay and therefore ruled according to the wishes of the Colonial Administration. It was during the reign of Attah Oboni Akwu that the famous government school was opened the same year. The construction of the Idah – Nsukka road was begun during his reign. He died in 1911.
Attah Oguche Akpa
(1911 – 1919) (The 18th Attah from Attah Amacho Akumabi Ayegba)
Like his predecessor Attah Oboni Akwu, Atta Oguche Akpa’s influence was limited to the present Ofu, Igalamela/Odolu, Idah and Ibaji Local Government Areas. He did not like this situation.
The importance of Attah Oguche Akpa in Igala history was that he planned and executed Igala rebellion of 1916 – 1917. He did this from a distance as he feared the colonial officers. This rebellion is sometimes called the Mahionu War.
Attah Oguche Akpa organised the rebellion with the cooperation of prince Atabo Ijomi, (who succeeded him as the Attah Igala in 1919), Amanabo Ogili, (who later became the Amanata during the reign of Obaje Ocheje), and the chief priest of Mahionu spirit.
The result of the rebellion was the reunification of the Igala Kingdom in 1918, and the creation of Igala Native Authority later the same year. Attah Oguche Akpa was the first Attah Igala to rule the Igala kingdom after the reunification. He appointed Prince Atabo Ijomi as the first district head of Ugwolawo to reward him for his role during the Igala rebellion of 1916 – 1917. He created districts and gogo areas in the kingdom. He died in 1919.
15 IBEGWU LAWS, THE UNIQUENESS OF OGUGU CULTURE
It is so hideous, heinous and evil calling for the abolishment of IBEGWU in Igala Land. I hate pretence and deceit more than anything on Earth! Even Christ in His days on Earth never preached for the abolishment of people’s traditions.
What Is IBEGWU?
IBEGWU does not cover only marriage but also, oversees everything in Ogugu Land! Ibegwu is not wicked and it doesn’t kill anyone who doesn’t go against it! GO AND LEARN YOUR TRADITION BEFORE YOU TALK IN PUBLIC OR, ON SOCIAL MEDIA AGAINST IT TO AVOID ANCESTRAL CURSE.
Don’t say you have no business with it because whoever fucks up must dance surugede dance. You better learn it now!
Now, for clarity, let me mention but few of Ibegwu’s benefits:
Benefits Of Ibegwu Culture In Ogugu
1. It forbids an Ogugu person killing his/her fellow Ogugu person.
2. It forbids a married woman to an Ogugu man from having an illegal affairs with another man, not only sex. Be warned!
3. It prohibits an Ogugu man or woman who has not buried his/her late mother or father to participate directly or indirectly in another person’s father or mother’s burial.
4. It exposes and deals with any person or group of people who come to Ogugu Land to wicked Ogugu sons and daughters through native means.
5. It plays a vital “ancestral watch” over Ogugu Sons and daughters anywhere in the World
6. It forbids an Ogugu man from supporting a woman to do abortion.
7. It forbids an Ogugu man from sucking a woman’s vaginal and I so much believe God forbids same too.
8. It forbids a well married woman from giving money or any aid to her people or outsiders without the prior consent of her husband.
9. It forbids a married woman from giving a prohibited insults to her husband, etc.
10. It doesn’t support medical family planning, etc.
Meanwhile, Ogugu men should be very careful of their wives and women in general. Women especially OGUGU WOMEN who know much about IBEGWU have many deceitful means of communicating their evil deeds to their husbands to free themselves from Ibegwu’s wrath!!!
It is wrong for Ogugu men to neglect the following:
1. Darling I was in a bus today going to work and a Man mistakenly touched my buttocks
2. Mine I was urinating at the back of a building and a passerby just saw my pant when I was struggling to cover my nakedness immediately I noticed a movement
3. Honey one man at my working place always support me whenever management queries me. He is a godly man and I always pray for God’s favour upon him.
4. Sweetheart I mistakenly touched a man’s dick/penis when I was struggling to enter a bus or coming out of the bus today
5. Heartbeat I felt very much ashamed today when I was told that as I fell down my tight was seen by some church members during the prayer session
6. Sugar a bike man fell me today and my pant tore immediately. See it!!! I believed people who came to our rescue must have seen my nakedness.
Note that such things happen but, a married woman is not supposed to tell her husband if she has no ulterior motive!!!
CR: Omale Jeff Ejuojo
Ishola Oyenusi Biography (Story, Age, Deaths, Girlfriend)– Nigeria’s Deadliest Armed Robber
Ishola Oyenusi Biography (Story, Age, Deaths, Girlfriend)– Nigeria’s Deadliest Armed Robber.
Ishola Oyenusi Biography
Dr. Ishola Oyenusi, popularly known as Doctor Ishola Oyenusi, was a notorious armed robber who terrorized the people of Lagos and other neighbouring cities in the 1970s. Ishola Oyenusi and his gang of six were highly skilled in snatching cars, robbing banks, factories, stores and killing people like chickens.
Was Ishola Oyenusi Really A Medical Doctor?
Dr Ishola Oyenusi, as he was called, was not a doctor by profession but adopted the title for the fun of it. The evidence lies in a confession he made few minutes before his execution.
He confessed that his parents were not capable of furthering his secondary school education and that was what forced him into robbery. So without having a secondary school education, Oyenusi by no way could have been a medical doctor.
Ishola Oyenusi Story
ishola Oyenusi started off his robbery career by snatching a car (whose owner died in the process) just because his (Ishola Oyenusi) girlfriend needed some money. It was claimed by some sources that Oyenusi was romantic.
He sold the car at the price of N400 and gave the money to his girlfriend. It was also said that Ishola Oyenusi was hot-tempered and quite arrogant. During his arrest, he thundered down on a police officer who was ushering him around. He said, “people like you don’t talk to me like that when I’m armed, I gun them down!”
Doctor Mr. Ishola Oyenusi came into the limelight after the Nigerian civil war ended in 1970. He robbed banks and people in both daylight and night, and he never let any of his victims live to see another day; he killed them all! This earned him the name “Doctor rob and kill“.
Ishola Oyenusi Death
At the height of his horrific reign, Mr Ishola Oyenusi bragged that “the bullet has no power“. He probably forgot that he who live by the sword will surely die by the sword.
Who Is Ishola Oyenusi?
Ishola Oyenusi was so infamous that he was regarded by some people as the “first celebrated armed robber in Nigeria“, and after him was Lawrence Anini, Babatunde Folorunsho (Baba oni lace), Shina Rambo, Buraimo Jimoh and others.
Ishola Oyenusi’s Arrest
However, nothing lasts forever, and as the Yoruba adage says, everyday belongs to the thief while a day belongs to the owner.
On the 27th of March, 1971, Oyenusi was nabbed by the police during one of his robbery operations in which he and his notorious gang killed a police constable named Mr. Nwi and stole $28,000 as at then. Cloud of shame hovered above Doctor Ishola Oyenusi as he was casted before the law and found guilty then sentenced to death by firing squad.
Oyenusi confessed that he was not to die alone because he did not commit the crimes alone.
He vomited the names of other members of the gang which included: Joseph Osamedike, Ambrose Nwokobia, Joel Amamieye, Philip Ogbolumain, Ademola Adegbitan and Stephen Ndubuokwu.
Back then, public execution was the order of the day, so when Oyenusi was ushered to the popular Bar Beach in Lagos where he was to be executed, over 30,000 Nigerians were happily and excitedly waiting to see the man who had terrorized them get riddled by hot bullets.
It was said that some civil servants even brought a coffin to the execution ground to mock the once mighty robber kingpin who was now nothing but a scapegoat whose breath would be exhausted in any moment.
Trucks carrying Oyenusi and his executors arrived at the execution ground around 10:am. Doctor Oyenusi, his gang members and one other criminal got down slowly.
People jeered and booed them, especially Oyenusi who they had really trooped out to watch die. Oyenusi donned a dark long-sleeve shirt and had his hands tied behind him.
He was sweating profusely but managed to smile all the way to the stakes. He kept smiling, smiling and smiling but could still not hide the agony and terror written boldly on his face.
Few minutes before he was shot, Oyenusi told journalists that he would not have ventured into armed robbery if his parents were capable of sending him to secondary school.
He also said, “I am dying for the offence I have committed“. Oyenusi and other criminals were fastened to the stakes. The soldiers lined in front of them and aimed their ever-ready guns. Some of the criminals yelled their last words of protest at the cameras. Then a loud voice let out the word “fire”! Oyenusi and other criminals’ bodies were sprayed with bullets.
That was the bitter end of Ishola Oyenusi who lived by the bullets and died by the bullets. The execution of Doctor Ishola Oyenusi sent the streets of Lagos deserted at night. Families locked themselves behind doors for the fear that some of Oyenusi’s boys might retaliate.
That name Ishola Oyenusi will forever be remembered in the history of crime in Nigeria.
Ishola Oyenusi Biography (Story, Age, Deaths, Girlfriend)– Nigeria’s Deadliest Armed Robber
Ishola Oyenusi Wikipedia
Ishola Oyenusi Biography (Net Worth, Story, Age, Death, Girlfriend)– Nigeria’s Deadliest Armed Robber
Ishola Oyenusi Pictures
Ishola Oyenusi Hometown
Ishola Oyenusi Language
Ishola Oyenusi Death Date.
History: How Relationship Between Ebira and Igala Started
Here is the history of Ebira and Igala Relationship, how they hustle to survive and their achievements so far.
Igala were Slave from Old Kwarafanu Then Sold to Junku King around 6th century The Jukun king settled them in Idah around that period, Abutu Eje Founded Igala Kingdom in the 7th Century.
The first ” Ata was Ebulejonu, a woman; she was succeeded by her brother Aganapoje, the father of Idoko. Idoko would later succeed him as Ata, and had two children Atiyele and Ayegba om’Idoko (Ayegba son of Idoko), Atiyele the first son of Idoko migrated eastward of the kingdom to establish Ankpa kingdom ( ÈJÈ of Ankpa) while Ayegba the second son of Idoko succeeded his father as Ata’IGala of Idah. He led a war against the Jukun , which resulted in victory.
Meanwhile Ebira is a Prince Of Junkun of the Kwararafa state north of the Benue River in present-day Taraba State. Ebira relics of trace from Junkun, Kwararafa is the Apete stool, their symbol of authority and identity as a group within the kingdoms of Kwararafa.
They brought along and kept in a place in Opete Till date. their Major occupation is (Warrior, Hunter, Iron Bender, and Farmer ). The Constant Invasion of Igala Kingdom by The then Benin Kings, The Igbo’s and other Kingdom around Make the Atta of Igala Invite a Very Brave Warrior Named Ebira (Positive Character) who came with the Group of his Men From Jukun Kingdom. That was how Ebira migrated to Idah around 1248-1272 AD.
The Ebira are Warriors, Hunter, Iron Bender, and Farmers They came to Make The rise of Igala Kingdom became a mega state. That disrupted and contributed to the shift of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from the Bight of Benin to the Bight of Biafra.
Also that was decline period of the Benin Empire between the fivteenth centuries. The Idah-Benin war (1515-1516) was a war of mutual independence because Igala was not Alone in the Battle Field This time .
After The war, a Non fulfilments of Promised by Atta Igala to The Ebira Group led to a Land dispute between the two groups in Idah. This led to a parting of ways, and the Ebiras moved southwest.
Ebira and Igala Population
Ebira left Idah After Idah-Benin War Around 1519-1521, They had a stop by at Itobe The Remaining Ebira Group That left Idah are ITAAZI (Ebira tao) IGU (Ebira koto), PANDA (Ebira Nasarawa,) AGATU (Ebira Benue the Father of Ebira MOZUM) that chose to Settled Among Basa and Finally (UNO Ebira Ètè-Uno) who chose to Across the River Benue with ITAAZI.
UNO settled in Present day Edo State. Before Ebira Brothers Separated at Itobe River, They all had Misunderstandings Among them self on where to settled since they are all Brothers with different occupations, IGU who has great passion for fishing decided to settled at the river bank.
While ITAAZI who Married Atta Igala Daughter was a hard working man, He considered fishing a lazy work so he moved southward into the forest Across the River with his wife and started Hunting and farming. He had his first Daughter (Ohunene at the present day Ohunene Junction in Ajaokuta, She later formed Egayin District.
All Members of the various clans in Ebira Tao are descendants of the children of ITAAZI. ITAAZI had five (5) son’s named (Adaviruku/Ohizi, Ododo, Obaji, Uga, Ochuga/Onotu). Ohizi (Adaviruku) had five children who are progenitors of the five traditional Adavi clans named after them. They occupied the present day Ajaokuta, Adavi, Okene, Okegwen, Okehi, Ehika, Ihima, Osara, Osisi Among Others.
Ebira and Igala
Most Ebira tao Clan is associated with Great Animals they Killed during Era of Hunting. During the conquest of Hausaland by the armies of The religious and Political leader Uthman Dan Fodio, 1786-1809 Ebiras came under a state of conflict with Fulani warlords to the north and west.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, two major communities, Igu (Koton Large) as it was called by Hausa, it means strong land because they fought to conquest them but never succeed and were not conquered Ebira was never Conquered by Any Kingdom.
Between 1865 and 1880, Ebira battled under the leadership of a warlord, Achigidi Okino with jihadists called Ajinomoh who were from Bida and Ilorin. However, the Ebiras were not conquered by the Fulanis helped in part by security provided by their hilly environment.
Before Ebira left Idah The Igala Kingdom influenced and has been influenced by the Ebira, Yoruba, Edo, Idoma. Igala already copy part of Ebira language while sojourning in Idah and also have Lingual mixed with Yoruba and Igbos because of inter language communication during Translactic Slave Trade. Ebira are the warrior that help Igala Kingdom when Igala was paying Homage to old Benin empire and Junkun, Ebira warriors Help Igalas Conquered Many of the northern Igbo state.
Most Northern Igbo settlements have lineages with Igala names, cultural practices with marked Igala modification and adaptations. The use of Igala circular basket in contrast to the Ibo rectangular types persists till this day. By the turn of the 18th century, After Ebira have helped The Igalas, the Igala empire was too large for any reliable and robust central control.
After The Ebira left, The religious Jihadist started contracting the Igala imperial power, conquering Igala territories in the north around 1768 -1785.
Bassa-Igala war added more pressure to Already war-weary Igala empire and The abolition of slave trade brought in untold economic recession to Igalas Land, In 1914 the British burnt down Ibagwa and Obukpa as a punitive measure.
Ebira and Igala
By the 1920s, Igala empire was a spent force and a limping shadow, the British easily took over control of both Nsụka and the Igala territories.
Igala Language is 60% Yoruba and 40% Igbo, Benin, Ebira, and Idoma. After the Abolish of Slave Trade, Atta Igala wrote Series of Latter to the British to Continue the Slave Trade, Then Haiti Already Declared an Independent State.
Ebira and Igala
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