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Ebira Igala Culture

History: How Relationship Between Ebira and Igala Started



Ebira and Igala

Here is the history of Ebira and Igala Relationship, how they hustle to survive and their achievements so far.

Igala were Slave from Old Kwarafanu Then Sold to Junku King around 6th century The Jukun king settled them in Idah around that period, Abutu Eje Founded Igala Kingdom in the 7th Century.

The first ” Ata was Ebulejonu, a woman; she was succeeded by her brother Aganapoje, the father of Idoko. Idoko would later succeed him as Ata, and had two children Atiyele and Ayegba om’Idoko (Ayegba son of Idoko), Atiyele the first son of Idoko migrated eastward of the kingdom to establish Ankpa kingdom ( ÈJÈ of Ankpa) while Ayegba the second son of Idoko succeeded his father as Ata’IGala of Idah. He led a war against the Jukun , which resulted in victory.

Meanwhile Ebira is a Prince Of Junkun of the Kwararafa state north of the Benue River in present-day Taraba State. Ebira relics of trace from Junkun, Kwararafa is the Apete stool, their symbol of authority and identity as a group within the kingdoms of Kwararafa.

They brought along and kept in a place in Opete Till date. their Major occupation is (Warrior, Hunter, Iron Bender, and Farmer ). The Constant Invasion of Igala Kingdom by The then Benin Kings, The Igbo’s and other Kingdom around Make the Atta of Igala Invite a Very Brave Warrior Named Ebira (Positive Character) who came with the Group of his Men From Jukun Kingdom. That was how Ebira migrated to Idah around 1248-1272 AD.

The Ebira are Warriors, Hunter, Iron Bender, and Farmers They came to Make The rise of Igala Kingdom became a mega state. That disrupted and contributed to the shift of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from the Bight of Benin to the Bight of Biafra.

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Also that was decline period of the Benin Empire between the fivteenth centuries. The Idah-Benin war (1515-1516) was a war of mutual independence because Igala was not Alone in the Battle Field This time .

After The war, a Non fulfilments of Promised by Atta Igala to The Ebira Group led to a Land dispute between the two groups in Idah. This led to a parting of ways, and the Ebiras moved southwest.

Ebira and Igala Population

Ebira left Idah After Idah-Benin War Around 1519-1521, They had a stop by at Itobe The Remaining Ebira Group That left Idah are ITAAZI (Ebira tao) IGU (Ebira koto), PANDA (Ebira Nasarawa,) AGATU (Ebira Benue the Father of Ebira MOZUM) that chose to Settled Among Basa and Finally (UNO Ebira Ètè-Uno) who chose to Across the River Benue with ITAAZI.

UNO settled in Present day Edo State. Before Ebira Brothers Separated at Itobe River, They all had Misunderstandings Among them self on where to settled since they are all Brothers with different occupations, IGU who has great passion for fishing decided to settled at the river bank.

Ebira and Igala

While ITAAZI who Married Atta Igala Daughter was a hard working man, He considered fishing a lazy work so he moved southward into the forest Across the River with his wife and started Hunting and farming. He had his first Daughter (Ohunene at the present day Ohunene Junction in Ajaokuta, She later formed Egayin District.

All Members of the various clans in Ebira Tao are descendants of the children of ITAAZI. ITAAZI had five (5) son’s named (Adaviruku/Ohizi, Ododo, Obaji, Uga, Ochuga/Onotu). Ohizi (Adaviruku) had five children who are progenitors of the five traditional Adavi clans named after them. They occupied the present day Ajaokuta, Adavi, Okene, Okegwen, Okehi, Ehika, Ihima, Osara, Osisi Among Others.

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Ebira and Igala

Most Ebira tao Clan is associated with Great Animals they Killed during Era of Hunting. During the conquest of Hausaland by the armies of The religious and Political leader Uthman Dan Fodio, 1786-1809 Ebiras came under a state of conflict with Fulani warlords to the north and west.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, two major communities, Igu (Koton Large) as it was called by Hausa, it means strong land because they fought to conquest them but never succeed and were not conquered Ebira was never Conquered by Any Kingdom.

Between 1865 and 1880, Ebira battled under the leadership of a warlord, Achigidi Okino with jihadists called Ajinomoh who were from Bida and Ilorin. However, the Ebiras were not conquered by the Fulanis helped in part by security provided by their hilly environment.

Before Ebira left Idah The Igala Kingdom influenced and has been influenced by the Ebira, Yoruba, Edo, Idoma. Igala already copy part of Ebira language while sojourning in Idah and also have Lingual mixed with Yoruba and Igbos because of inter language communication during Translactic Slave Trade. Ebira are the warrior that help Igala Kingdom when Igala was paying Homage to old Benin empire and Junkun, Ebira warriors Help Igalas Conquered Many of the northern Igbo state.

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Most Northern Igbo settlements have lineages with Igala names, cultural practices with marked Igala modification and adaptations. The use of Igala circular basket in contrast to the Ibo rectangular types persists till this day. By the turn of the 18th century, After Ebira have helped The Igalas, the Igala empire was too large for any reliable and robust central control.

After The Ebira left, The religious Jihadist started contracting the Igala imperial power, conquering Igala territories in the north around 1768 -1785.

Bassa-Igala war added more pressure to Already war-weary Igala empire and The abolition of slave trade brought in untold economic recession to Igalas Land, In 1914 the British burnt down Ibagwa and Obukpa as a punitive measure.

Ebira and Igala

By the 1920s, Igala empire was a spent force and a limping shadow, the British easily took over control of both Nsụka and the Igala territories.

Igala Language is 60% Yoruba and 40% Igbo, Benin, Ebira, and Idoma. After the Abolish of Slave Trade, Atta Igala wrote Series of Latter to the British to Continue the Slave Trade, Then Haiti Already Declared an Independent State.

Ebira and Igala

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Ebira Igala Culture




It is so hideous, heinous and evil calling for the abolishment of IBEGWU in Igala Land. I hate pretence and deceit more than anything on Earth! Even Christ in His days on Earth never preached for the abolishment of people’s traditions.

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IBEGWU does not cover only marriage but also, oversees everything in Ogugu Land! Ibegwu is not wicked and it doesn’t kill anyone who doesn’t go against it! GO AND LEARN YOUR TRADITION BEFORE YOU TALK IN PUBLIC OR, ON SOCIAL MEDIA AGAINST IT TO AVOID ANCESTRAL CURSE.

Don’t say you have no business with it because whoever fucks up must dance surugede dance. You better learn it now!
Now, for clarity, let me mention but few of Ibegwu’s benefits:

Benefits Of Ibegwu Culture In Ogugu

1. It forbids an Ogugu person killing his/her fellow Ogugu person.

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2. It forbids a married woman to an Ogugu man from having an illegal affairs with another man, not only sex. Be warned!

3. It prohibits an Ogugu man or woman who has not buried his/her late mother or father to participate directly or indirectly in another person’s father or mother’s burial.

4. It exposes and deals with any person or group of people who come to Ogugu Land to wicked Ogugu sons and daughters through native means.

5. It plays a vital “ancestral watch” over Ogugu Sons and daughters anywhere in the World

6. It forbids an Ogugu man from supporting a woman to do abortion.

7. It forbids an Ogugu man from sucking a woman’s vaginal and I so much believe God forbids same too.

8. It forbids a well married woman from giving money or any aid to her people or outsiders without the prior consent of her husband.

9. It forbids a married woman from giving a prohibited insults to her husband, etc.

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10. It doesn’t support medical family planning, etc.

Meanwhile, Ogugu men should be very careful of their wives and women in general. Women especially OGUGU WOMEN who know much about IBEGWU have many deceitful means of communicating their evil deeds to their husbands to free themselves from Ibegwu’s wrath!!!
It is wrong for Ogugu men to neglect the following:

1. Darling I was in a bus today going to work and a Man mistakenly touched my buttocks

2. Mine I was urinating at the back of a building and a passerby just saw my pant when I was struggling to cover my nakedness immediately I noticed a movement
3. Honey one man at my working place always support me whenever management queries me. He is a godly man and I always pray for God’s favour upon him.

4. Sweetheart I mistakenly touched a man’s dick/penis when I was struggling to enter a bus or coming out of the bus today

5. Heartbeat I felt very much ashamed today when I was told that as I fell down my tight was seen by some church members during the prayer session

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6. Sugar a bike man fell me today and my pant tore immediately. See it!!! I believed people who came to our rescue must have seen my nakedness.
Note that such things happen but, a married woman is not supposed to tell her husband if she has no ulterior motive!!!

CR: Omale Jeff Ejuojo

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Ebira Igala Culture

History Of Igala Kingdom (Festivals, Population)



Igala Kingdom

When Talking About The History Of Igala Kingdom one need to accept the facts that Igala is another big ethnic language in Nigeria. Igalas are mostly indigenes of Kogi state, but are also indigenous in other states across the country.

In Kogi state, the headquarter of the Igala people is Idah, but it is still not the most popular place in Igala land. The most popular place in Igala land is Anyimba, probably because of the Kogi state University situated there.

History Of Igala Kingdom

Igala kingdom was found in the sixteenth century by Abutu-Eje. The Igala Mela containing nine officials were the rulers of the kingdom as at that time, these officials were the conservators of the earth shrine, who also became very well known in the mid-17th century.

The first leader or ruler of the Igala kingdom which is called”Attah” was Ebule- Jonu who was a woman. After she died, her brother; Agana- Poje succeeded her. This Agana-Poje had a done who also succeeded him after his death. Agana-Poje’s son was Idoko and he had two sons in which one was to succeed him.

Idoko’s children Atiyele and Ayegba could not both rule the Igala kingdom, only one of them could. Ayegba was popularly called Ayegba Om’ Idoko meaning Ayegba son of Idoko and thereafter he succeeded his father to become the Attah of Igala Land, who later led a war between Igala people and the Jukun. The Igala came out of the war being victorious.
On the other hand, Atiyele went to the Eastern part of the kingdom to establish Ankpa kingdom.

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The kingship of the Igala kingdom was circulated to reach the four royal clans of the Igalas.
The war of mutual independence between Idah and Benin took place between 1515 to 1516.
Afterwards, the Igala kingdom became commercially and politically supreme as it became a lead exporter of slaves, medicine, horses, beads and skills to the coastal region.
Their economic power grew gradually and changed the Dynamics of the complex relationship they had earlier with several Idoma communities.

The Igala people are found in towns and villages across Kogi state in Nigeria. In atown where there are up to 1000 Igala people, a chief is selected to act as the head, representing the overall Attah of Igala in that town.

Up till date there has been 27 Attah of Igala that have ruled the Igala kingdom consecutively. Last Attah if Igala who died in December 2020, was selected after the death of the former Attah, Alhaji Aliyu Obaje in 2012, his name was Idakwo Michael Ameh the second. After his death another ruler is yet to be crowned but there has been a nomination from the clan that is next in line to take the place of Attah and rule the kingdom.

Igala Population

The Homeland of the Igala kingdom before was approximately 14,000km I’m the area formed by the Niger and Venue rivers. The area is was the former Igala division of Kabba province, which is now a part of Kogi state. The central capital of the Igala people in Kogi state is Idah.
The population of the people is about 2,000,000 to 4,000,000.

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Over the years, some of the Igala people have brought the Igala kingdom to lime light. Some of this people are:
Aliyu Obaje
Abubakar Audu
Jeremiah Attah Ochu
Ogwu James Onoja
Emmanuel Dangana Ocheja

Igala Branches

THE IGALA PEOPLE do not only belong to Kogi state there also some Igala people that are indigenes of other states. These states are, Adamawa,Anambra, Benue, Delta, Edo, Enugu, Kogi, Nasarawa and Niger with Kogi being ancestral home of the Igala people.

it is also known that Igala and Igbo belong to the same language family known as new Venue Congo family.

Igala Traditional Festival

The Igala Traditional Festivals are numerous and we are going to list just few of it.

List of Igala Traditional Festivals:

1. Oganyi Angwa Festival.
2. Italo Festival.
3. Ocho Festival.

The Oganyi Angwa festival is an annual festival celebrated by the Angwa people of Idah in Kogi State. Igala people are dynamic altogether roundification of life and their culture/festival are unique. This festival takes place Saturday between Easter and Good Friday and it’s an interesting event.

The Italo festival is an annual assembly of all Igala sons and daughters reception and abroad involving traditional music and dances at Anyigba. During this festival, the Attah of Igala (the paramount ruler of the Igala Kingdom) makes a special address to his subjects.

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The Ocho Festival of Igala people, tagged Igala Unity Festival, is an ancient hunting festival that asserts the start of a replacement hunting and farming season for the people of Igala kingdom.

Igala Culture

Igala tradition may be a product of culture and an integral a part of African culture. The concept of God is central to religion and thus constitutes one among the central themes of the cultures in Africa generally . The Igala traditional concept of God may be a belief within the God whom they call Ọjọ.

The culture of Igala people is extremely much like the culture of most other Nigerian, especially those from geographical middle belt, South ward to the coast.

Cultural practices like kinship, funeral ceremonies, belief, marriage, masquerades, modes of dress, body atonement, etc are very almost like those of other Nigerians within the sub-region mentioned above.

As an example , the Egwu of the Idoma, the Eku of Ebira, the Guru and therefore the Ndakogboya of the Nupe which have some slight differences. The Ogani festival performed at Ankpa is additionally celebrated within the southern parts of Plateau State, especially within the Umaisha and parts of Nassarawa state.

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Ebira Igala Culture

15 Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites In Kogi – Dress, List



Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites
Anebira Ebira people of Kogi state occupied five local Government areas, namely Adavi, Ajaokuta, Okene, Okehi, and Ogorimagongo. And some are also within parts of Ekiti and Ondo states. They are predominantly farmers and Politician.

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites
Regarding to Ebira traditional marriage customs, a man never walks to his in laws to inform them of his interest in their daughter, instead his parent and mostly elderly women from his family do so.

The Man’s Family or An Elderly Men will go to the girl’s parent to introduce themselves and the reasons for coming.

It is also their duty to conduct a thorough investigation of the lady’s family background. Such as her upbringing, family history, how well behaved she is and all her friends activities including her recent relationship if there is any. Every other necessary detail about the girl and her family is also investigated.

After The Man’s People Have visited the Girl’s Parents a day will be chosen after some time for the formal introduction of both families. As a way of bringing to open what has been going on in secret.
Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites
This is called “ISE EWERE” In Ebira Language. During this initial introduction, some gift is usually giving to the bride’s family. A suitor is even allowed the freedom of presenting all the necessary Traditional Marriage Rites Items.

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As it is usually called because Ebira people shy away from addressing it as a list in a bid not to make it sound mandatory

List Of Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites – Engagement List

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites

1.) 100 – Hundred tubers of yam

2.) Cola nut

3.) Dried fish and A Good Bush Meat

4.) 10 Litres  of palm Oil

5.) 50 Liters Of Groundnut Oil

8.) 50 Liters Of Palm Oil.

9.) A bag of Salt.

10.) Clothing Materials in some boxes.

11.) Pieces of jewelry and Adornment for the Lady Worth.

12.) 100 Naira Cash for the clan members and family elders.

13.) Two Expensive Wrappers For The Wife.

14.) Hot drinks, Assorted wines, Dry Gin and Minerals.

15.) A Walking stick for the father.

Well all This comes the day of General introduction which the groom may choose to attend or send his family members are usually handy to do anything on his behalf.
Ebira Traditional Wedding Dress
The bride’s family on their own will entertains the groom’s family with foods and drinks in an occasion which will give them opportunities of introducing both families properly.

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Any gifts that the groom provided are shared among the neighbors and the extended relations to solicit for their prayers and to inform them that the lady is now betrothed to a man of her choice.

Ebira Traditional Marriage Bride Price

Traditional Marriage Bride Price in Ebira land is usually agreed by the parents of the girl and it depends on the financial status of the man. There are other prices here and there to be paid after the initial bride priced and they include the following:
Ebira Traditional Marriage
Joining Hands Together Which Means “OTANUVOGEI” In Ebira Language.

I Am Attracted To Her “OZEMEIYI” In Ebira Language

Farming Price “IDOZA” In Ebira Language stands for the farming price, which the groom pays in place of physically going to work in the farm for his father-in-law as in the olden days.

Finally When the day of the traditional marriage arrives, you would see women from the man’s family each carrying tubers of yams on their heads in a dancing procession to the bride’s home. The occasion is always said to kick off as soon as the women arrive the bride’s home.

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A religious leader will be called to offer prayers along with both parents for the success of their children. After which the traditionally rich and colorful occasion would be brought to an end and the new wife’s friends with other women escort the lady to her husband’s home with her belongings.

Ebira Traditional Marriage

Prince Ohindase Wedding Photos.

Ebira Traditional Wedding Dress

Ebira Traditional Marriage Or Traditional Wedding Dressing Is Base on the Bride’s Choice and Current Location but we are going to show you come recent traditional wedding dressing in Ebira land and if you need such design, you can get in touch with us.

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites

Ebira Traditional Wedding Dress

Ebira Traditional Marriage

Ebira Traditional Wedding

Ebira Traditional Wedding Dressing

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites

Ebira Traditional Marriage

Ebira Traditional Marriage Wears

Ebira Traditional Dressing

Ebira Traditional Marriage Attire

Ebira Traditional Marriage Rites

Ebira Traditional Marriage List

Ebira Traditional Marriage Attire

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